このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://hdl.handle.net/10965/1398
タイトル: The history of the home-visiting nurse for low-income patients in Japan before World War II
その他のタイトル: 第2 次世界大戦前における貧困な患者のために働く看護婦の歴史
著者: YAMASHITA, Mai
山下, 麻衣
主題: The home-visiting nurse;The public health nurse;The Saiseikai Imperial Gift Foundation;Japanese Red Cross Society;The history of nursing in Japan
発行日: 2016-09
出版者: 京都産業大学マネジメント研究会
抄録:  The principal aim of the present study was to elucidate the process of establishment and activities of public health nurses that provided home-visiting services.  After the modern period, nurses have taken a role in supporting medical care services. There two principal aims of the medical care services were as follows: The first was visiting homes to provide medical care to those who had fallen into poverty and had difficulties in activities of daily living because of the need for medical care due to illness or accidents. The second was to instruct poor people about the prevention methods of infectious diseases regardless of disease contraction.  The form of visiting the homes of poor people to provide nursing care started in 1859 in Liverpool, England, when a wealthy merchant dispatched nurses to poor households. In Japan, the first attempt to create a home-visiting nursing system was in 1885 by American-born missionaries and Joseph Hardy Neesima (Niijima Jō). From the 1920s, the Social Welfare Organization Saiseikai Imperial Gift Foundation, Inc. (Saiseikai) and the Japanese Red Cross Society (JRCS) systematically dispatched public health nurses.  Here, we report the activities of public health nurses affiliated with Saiseikai and JRCS. First, Saiseikai had community health nurse teams installed in Tokyo from 1924. In 1937, there were 24 community health nurses who visited more than 2,000 poor homes in total each month. The role of community health nurses, who belonged to various medical institutions, was to make rounds in areas where many poor people lived and locate sick patients, give advice to families, and assist in childbirth. Second, JRCS began to educate nurses about the role nurses should play in social work and contents of nursing activities during their training period. After 1928, JRCS began the training of public health nurses.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10965/1398
ISSN: 1347-5304
出現コレクション:第29号

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